N-omega-CD3-Octadecanoyl monosialoganglioside GM3 (NH4+ salt)N-omega-CD3-Octadecanoyl monosialoganglioside GM3 (NH4+ salt)
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N-omega-CD3-Octadecanoyl monosialoganglioside GM3 (NH4+ salt)

N-CD3-Stearoyl-GM3

This deuterated ganglioside is ideal for the identification of gangliosides in samples and biological systems using mass spectrometry.1 Gangliosides2 are acidic glycosphingolipids that form lipid rafts in the outer leaflet of the cell plasma membrane, especially in neuronal cells in the central nervous system.3 They participate in cellular proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, signal transduction, cell-to-cell interactions, tumorigenesis, and metastasis.4 The accumulation of gangliosides has been linked to several diseases including Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff disease. GM3 is the main ganglioside of human fibroblasts and can regulate fibroblast and epidermal growth factors5 and is also able to regulate the adhesion and migration of several carcinoma cell lines. GM3 was also shown to inhibit tumor cell invasion. GM3 can induce human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells to differentiate to monocyte/macrophage lineage instead of granulocytes.6
Cat# Size Price Qty Buy
2052 250 ug £384.38

Additional Information

Property Value or Rating
Product Size 250 ug
Manufacturer Matreya, LLC
Empirical Formula C59H105D3N2O21 • NH3
Formula Weight 1201.5
Source semisynthetic, bovine buttermilk
Purity 98+%
Analytical Methods TLC, identity confirmed by MS
Natural Source Animal/Bovine buttermilk|Semi-synthetic
Solubility chloroform/methanol/water, 2:1:0.1; forms micellar solution in water
Physical Appearance A neat solid
Storage -20°C
References

1. J. Gu, C. Tifft and S. Soldin “Simultaneous quantification of GM1 and GM2 gangliosides by isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry” Clinical Biochemistry, Vol. 41(6) pp. 413-417, 2008 
2. L. Svennerholm, et al. (eds.), Structure and Function of Gangliosides, New York, Plenum, 1980 
3. T. Kolter, R. Proia, K. Sandhoff “Combinatorial Ganglioside Biosynthesis” J. Biol. Chem., Vol. 277:29, pp. 25859-25862, 2002 
4. S. Birkle, G. Zeng, L. Gao, R. K. Yu, and J. Aubry “Role of tumor-associated gangliosides in cancer progression” Biochimie, Vol. 85 pp. 455–463, 2003 
5. E. G. Bremer, J. Schlessinger, and S. Hakomori “Ganglioside-mediated modulation of cell growth. Specific effects of GM3 on tyrosine phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor” J. Biol. Chem., Vol. 261 pp. 2434–2440, 1986 
6. T. Chung, H. Choi, Y. Lee, and C. Kim “Molecular mechanism for transcriptional activation of ganglioside GM3 synthase and its function in differentiation of HL-60 cells” Glycobiology, Vol. 15:3, pp. 233-244, 2004

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