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2-Acetyl-4-tetrahydroxybutylimidazole (THI)

2-Acetyl-4-(1R,2S,3R,4-tetrahydroxybutyl)-imidazole (THI) is an inhibitor of sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase (S1P lyase). In high doses it leads to the inhibition of S1P lyase, causing an accumulation of sphingosine-1-phosphate and a decrease in the activity of sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor-1. This results in lymphopenia (depression of blood lymphocyte counts) as well as an immune deficiency.1 THI does not appear to have any toxic effects and may therefore be valuable as an immunosuppressive drug. Diabetes can occur spontaneously due to autoimmune insulitis and THI has been proposed as a possible treatment for the prevention of this disease.2 It is thought that THI and Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) may compete for the same binding site as an additional diet of pyridoxine can prevent the decrease of blood lymphocyte counts caused by THI. THI has a structural similarity to histamine and urocanic acid, both known to have immunosuppressive properties.3 THI is a minor component of the food additive caramel color III.
Cat# Size Price Qty Buy
1858 1 mg £134.30

Additional Information

Property Value or Rating
Product Size 1 mg
Manufacturer Matreya, LLC
Activity Sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase inhibitor
Empirical Formula C9H14N2O5
CAS# 94944-70-4
Formula Weight 230.2
Source synthetic
Purity 99%
Analytical Methods HPLC, MS, NMR
Natural Source Synthetic
Solubility DI water
Physical Appearance A neat solid
Storage -20°C

1. S. Gobin, J. Philips, Clin. Exp. Immunol., Vol. 85 pp. 335-340, 1991 
2. S. Schwab et al., Science, Vol. 309(5741) pp. 1735-1739, 2005 
3. T. Mandel, M. Koulmanda, and I. Mackay, Clin Exp Immunol., Vol. 88(3) pp. 414-419, 1992

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