Serum albumin is a globular protein which comprises about 50 - 60 % of all serum proteins. It serves as protein reserve and plays an important role in osmoregulation. Furthermore, it functions as carrier and binding protein in the blood circulation system for fatty acids, growth factors, hormones, metabolites, vitamins etc. Compared with other proteins, serum albumin is characterized by the following features:
These properties and the relatively simple way to isolate it in large quantities are the reason why there are so many fields of application for albumin.
Using different isolation and purification methods, allows to manufacture albumins with different properties, e.g. protease-free, fatty acid-free, low in endotoxins or heavy metals.